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PM10 and Total Suspended Particulates (TSP)Measurements in Various Power Stations

Masitah Alias, and Zaini Hamzah, and Lee, See Kenn (2007) PM10 and Total Suspended Particulates (TSP)Measurements in Various Power Stations. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 11 (1). pp. 255-261. ISSN 13942506

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TNB Research Sdn. Bhd., Water and Air Laboratory
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Applied Sciences
TNB Research Sdn. Bhd., Water and Air Laboratory


The quality of air that we breathe in every second determine by the amount of particulate matter in it. These particulate matters measure by their particles size. Those with the particles size less than 10 micron (PM10) is used to monitor the air quality which in turn is related to the health problems of the workers or public at large. The amount of PM10 is related to the amount of total suspended particulates (TSP) in the air. The amount of air particulates in the air was measured using a personal dust monitor. In this study, the focus is on measurement of air particulates namely PM10, and TSP measured in TNB Research, Connaught Bridge Repair Shop, JPS Kapar, and Port Dickson Power Stations. PM10 and TSP was measured using mini volume sampler, and as comparison, personal dust was measured using personal dust sampler. The choice of sampling locations in each place is based on the source of air particulates to be measured. The results obtained for PM10 are in the ranges of 42.4 – 108.3 ug/m3, 88.8 – 103.5 ug/m3, 42.1 – 69.3 ug/m3, 35.31 – 196.86 ug/m3 and 35.71 – 428.57 ug/m3 for Connaught Bridge Repair Shop (indoor), PD Power Station (outdoor), TNB Research (indoor and outdoor) and JPS Kapar (indoor and outdoor) respectively. These values are compared to the Malaysian air quality guideline for PM10 set at 150 mg/m3 and total suspended particulates (TSP) set at 260 mg/m3.

Kualiti udara yang kita sedut setiap saat ditentukan oleh jumlah zarah pepejal di dalamnya. Zarah pepejal ini ditentukan melalui saiznya. Zarah pepejal dengan saiz kurang dari 10 micron (PM10) digunakan untuk mengesan kualiti udara dimana ia berhubung kait dengan masalah kesihatan pekerja mahu pun orang awam. Jumlah PM10 adalah berkadaran dengan jumlah pepejal terampai (TSP) di udara. Jumlah zarah pepejal di udara telah di ukur menggunakan pengesan debu peribadi. Di dalam kajian ini, fokus adalah kepada pengukuran zarah pepejal PM10 dan TSP yang dijalankan di TNB Research, JPS Connaught Bridge, JPS Kapar, and Stesen Janakuasa Port Dickson. PM10 dan TSP telah di ukur menggunakan penyampel isipadu kecil dan dibandingkan dengan pengesan debu peribadi. Pemilihan lokasi persampelan adalah berdasarkan jenis kerja-kerja yang dijalankan dan punca zarah pepejal. Keputusan yang diperolehi untuk PM10 adalah di dalam julat 42.4 – 108.3 ug/m3, 88.8 – 103.5 ug/m3, 42.1 – 69.3 ug/m3, 35.31 – 96.86 ug/m3 dan 35.71 – 428.57 ug/m3 untuk JPS Connaught
Bridge (dalam), Stesen Janakuasa Port Dickson (luar), TNB Research (luar dan dalam) dan JPS Kapar (luar dan dalam)
masing-masing. Nilai ini kemudiannya dibandingkan dengan Malaysian air quality guideline dimana untuk PM10 adalah 150 mg/m3 dan TSP adalah 260 mg/m3.

Item Type:Journal
Additional Information:We would like to thank the staffs of Port Dickson Power Plant, Kapar and Connaught Bridge Repair Shops for allowing us to carry out this project. Also, to Water and Air Laboratory staffs, for samples analysis and Ms Hamidah Sakeh for her assistance.
Keywords:Particulate matter, total suspended particulate, personal dust, PM 10
Subjects:Q Science
ID Code:1053

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