Prevalence and Associated Factors of Stress in Dental Healthcare Workers of a Higher Institution of Learning in Kelantan
Rusli B.N., and Edimansyah B.A., and Naing L, (2006) Prevalence and Associated Factors of Stress in Dental Healthcare Workers of a Higher Institution of Learning in Kelantan. Archives of Orofacial Sciences, 1 . pp. 51-56. ISSN 1823-8602
Official URL: http://www.kck.usm.my/ppsg/official-journal.htm
Universiti Sains Malaysia. School of Dental Sciences
Several studies on job stress have been conducted among nurses, teachers, clerks, lecturers, laboratory technicians, petroleum and automotive workers and the calculated prevalences ranged from 20-35%; associated factors identified include high job demand, low job control and poor social support. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of stress in dental healthcare workers of an institution of higher learning in Kelantan. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and associated factors of stress in 54 dental healthcare workers of an institution of higher learning in Kelantan [response rate of 63.5 percent] was conducted in March 2006. The Malay version of the validated Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale and Karasek’s Job Content Questionnaire were used as research instruments in this study. Informed consents were obtained from all participants. The prevalence of stress was 22.2%. One (1.9%) staff member experienced severe stress whilst 20.4% experienced mild to moderate stress. After controlling for age, sex, marital status and duration of work, psychological job demand (adj. b 0.61, 95% CI 0.21, 1.00, p=0.003), toxic exposures (adj. b 1.41, 95% CI 0.47, 2.35, p=0.004) and overtime work (adj. b 5.67, 95% CI - 1.18, 10.16, p=0.015) were directly associated with reported stress in dental healthcare workers. High psychological job demand, increased toxic exposures at work and increased overtime work were significantly associated with stress in dental healthcare workers. These findings can be used to guide preventive measures to reduce stress in dental healthcare settings.
|Keywords:||stress, depression, anxiety and stress scale, job content questionnaire, dental healthcare workers, Kelantan, Malays|
Repository Staff Only: item control page