The Problems And Impacts Of Orofacial Pain Among A Group Of Malaysian Aborigines
Yusof Z.Y.M. (Zamros Y.M. Yusof), and Mohamed N.H., and Radzi Z. (Zamri Radzi), and Yahya N.A. (Noor Azlin Yahya), (2007) The Problems And Impacts Of Orofacial Pain Among A Group Of Malaysian Aborigines. Annals of Dentistry, 14 (1). 31p.. ISSN 0128-7532
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Official URL: http://ejum.fsktm.um.edu.my/ArticleInformation.aspx?ArticleID=530
University of Malaya. Faculty of Dentistry. Dept. of GDP and Oral & Maxillofacial Imaging
University of Malaya. Faculty of Dentistry. Dept. of Children’s Dentistry & Orthodontics
University of Malaya. Faculty of Dentistry. Dept. of Conservative Dentistry
Universiti Teknologi MARA. Faculty of Medicine. Primary Care Medicine Unit
University of Malaya. Faculty of Dentistry. Dept. of Community Dentistry
Background: The high prevalence and impacts of orofacial pain (OFP) have caused major sufferings to individuals and society. The purpose of the study was to investigate the problems and impacts of OFP among a group of Malaysian aborigines. The objectives were to determine (i) the prevalence, aetiology, duration, severity, types and persistence of OFP during the past 3 months preceding the study; (ii) its associated impact on daily performance; and (iii) the measures taken for pain relief. Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out in Kuala Lipis, Pahang involving 6 villages of Orang Asli Bateq and Semai. Study sample was chosen using convenient sampling including adults aged 16 years and above. Participants were invited for an interview using structured questionnaire followed by clinical examination. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS ver12. Results: Response rate was low at 20% (n = 140). Over one-quarter (26.4%) of the sample experienced OFP in the previous 3 months. Toothache was found to be the main aetiology (83.3%) followed by gingival pain (18.9%), temporomandibular joint (10.8%) and facial pain (8.1%). Mean duration of pain was 9.8 days for toothache, 162.4 days for gingival pain, 7.3 days for TMJ and 5.7 days for facial pain. Of those who had OFP, over half rated the pain as moderate (37.8%) and severe (29.7%) and most of the pain was ‘intermittent’ in nature (81.1%). Over half (62.2%) admitted the pain had disappeared during the interview. In terms of pain relief, 56.8% of the sample used traditional medicine. The pain had impacted on the chewing ability (70.3%, p=0.01), ability to sleep at night (73.0%, p<0.001), levels of anxiety (70.3%), ability to perform daily chores (33.3%) and social life (35.1%) of the Orang Asli sample. Conclusion: This study suggests the prevalence of OFP was high among the Orang Asli sample, which imposed considerable physical and psychological impacts on daily life.
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