Full Microscopic Examination (FEME), pH and Urinary Specific Gravity of Vegetarians and Non-vegetarians
Chia, Yoke Yin, and Ton, So Har, (2006) Full Microscopic Examination (FEME), pH and Urinary Specific Gravity of Vegetarians and Non-vegetarians. Malaysian Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 13 (1). pp. 48-51. ISSN ISSN 1511-2616
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Official URL: http://ejum.fsktm.um.edu.my/ArticleInformation.aspx?ArticleID=593
Monash University Malaysia. School of Arts and Sciences
Urinary examinations were determined in 162 individuals (62 young non-vegetarians, 24 elderly non-vegetarians, 40 young vegetarians and 36 elderly vegetarians). The examination consisted of full microscopic examination (FEME), pH and specific gravity. The most common urine sediments found in vegetarians and non-vegetarians were hyaline cast, granular cast, squamous epithelial cells and the oxalate crystals. Sediments of hyaline cast were significantly higher in vegetarians (p<0.05). While no significant difference was observed between urine sediments of granular cast, squamous epithelial cells, oxalate crystals and triple phosphate crystals in both groups. The most common urinary pH detected in vegetarians and non-vegetarians were in the range of pH 6 to pH 7. The majority of the vegetarians had urinary pH values of 7 while the majority of the non-vegetarians had urinary pH values of 6 (p>0.05). There was no significant difference in urinary pH between the young and elderly individuals in both groups. The common specific gravity ranges detected in the vegetarians were from 1.001 to 1.010 and 1.0201 to 1.030, while the common range detected in the non-vegetarians was 1.001 to 1.010. No significant difference was observed for urinary specific gravity between vegetarians and non-vegetarians as well as between the young and elderly individuals in both groups (p>0.05). In conclusion, no significant differences were seen between vegetarian and non-vegetarian individuals in urinary pH, specific gravity and all urinary sediments except hyaline cast.
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