Assessment of Food Insecurity Among Low Income Households in Kuala Lumpur Using the Radimer/Cornell Food Insecurity Instrument – A Validation Study
Zalilah Mohd. Sharif , and Ang, Merlin, (2001) Assessment of Food Insecurity Among Low Income Households in Kuala Lumpur Using the Radimer/Cornell Food Insecurity Instrument – A Validation Study. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 7 (1 & 2). pp. 15-32. ISSN 1394-035X
Official URL: http://nutriweb.org.my/publications/mjn007/mjn7n12_art2.pdf
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dept. of Food and Nutritional Sciences
Food insecurity exists whenever people are not able to access sufficient food at all times for an active and healthy life. This study used the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity instrument to assess food insecurity and to determine the risk factors and consequences of food insecurity among low-income households in Kuala Lumpur. One hundred and thirty-seven Malay pre-school children (4-6 years old) from Taman Sang Kancil were measured for their weights and heights. Questionnaires were used to collect food security and socioeconomic information on the households. The findings indicated that 34.3% of the households were food secure, while 65.7% experienced some kind of food insecurity, (27.7% households were food insecure, 10.9% individuals were food insecure and 27.0% fell into the child hunger category). The prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting were 44.5%, 36.5% and 30.7% respectively. The prevalence of high weight-for-height (overweight) was 13.1%. Based on multinomial logistic regression, larger household size (OR=1.418; p<0.01) and lower educational level of mothers (OR=0.749; p<0.01) and fathers (OR=0.802; p<0.05) were found to be significant risk factors for food insecurity. The study, however, did not find any significant difference in children’s nutritional status according to household food security levels. It is recommended that for the Malaysian population, the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity instrument should be modified and further validated with various ethnic groups in a variety of settings. The validation should include the appropriateness of the statements to the target grounds and their different risk factors and outcomes of food insecurity.
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