Anthropometry and Dietary Intake of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Attending an Outpatient Clinic
Moy, Foong Ming, and Suriah A.R., (2002) Anthropometry and Dietary Intake of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Attending an Outpatient Clinic. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 8 (1). pp. 63-73. ISSN 1394-035X
Official URL: http://nutriweb.org.my/publications/mjn008_1/mjn8n1_art5.pdf
Universiti Malaya, Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Social & Preventive Medicine
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, School of Chemical Science and Food Technology, Food Science Programme
A cross sectional study on Type 2 diabetes patients seeking treatment in the Primary Health Care outpatient clinic of the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur was undertaken. Two hundred and thirty-three subjects participated. They were asked questions on biodata and dietary intake using face-to-face interview techniques. Dietary intake was assessed using the 24-hour dietary recall. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were taken and Body Mass Index (BMI) was computed to establish the extent of obesity. Of the 196 subjects, 66.8% were overweight (BMI ¡Ý25 kg/m2) with 15.8% obese (BMI ¡Ý30 kg/m2). The mean BMI of males and females were 25.9±4.3 kg/m2 and 27.2±4.7 kg/m2 respectively. The findings from the dietary survey showed that the mean energy intake of the subjects only achieved about 72% of the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for Malaysia while protein intake of all subjects was adequate. The macronutreint contribution to the total calorie was consistent with the recommendation of the Malaysian Diabetic Association for a healthy diet for diabetes patients. The male subjects were found to meet the RDA requirements for all nutrients while the female subjects did not have sufficient intake of calcium, vitamin A and niacin. No consistent pattern in energy and nutrient intake was observed among different age groups. On the other hand, the Malay subjects seemed to have lower energy and all nutrient intake (except vitamin A and vitamin C) compared to the Chinese and Indian subjects. The Indian subjects seemed to have the highest intake of calcium compared to the others. Advice needs to be given to those who did not have adequate nutrient intake as well as those who need to reduce their weight.
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