World Rice Demand Towards 2050: Impact of Decreasing Demand of Per Capita Rice Consumption for China and India
Alias Abdullah, and Kobayashi, Hajime, and Matsumura, Ichizen, and Ito, Shoichi, (2008) World Rice Demand Towards 2050: Impact of Decreasing Demand of Per Capita Rice Consumption for China and India. In: Japan and East Asian Regionalism. East Asian Studies Department, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 1-17.
China and India play very important role in the Asian and the world rice consumption. The decreases of rice consumption in Asia will result in the over supply of rice that will put pressure on the world market prices. Importing countries may enjoy cheaper prices but the rice producers in the world will suffer and the poverty in Asian rural areas may increase. The weakening rice demand downward in Asian region means greater opportunity for other crops such as corn and soybean to increase their market shares in Asia. Asian will lose its competitiveness in rice and agriculture as a whole against other grain. As the price of rice getting lower, the plantation of rice may not be profitable any longer. These situations make rice under pressure for its survival. Asian countries such as China, India and Japan should take the lead to improve the situation as well as to further promote rice consumption in the rest of the world. As the world economy becomes more integrated and communication faster, the transfer of food among the countries becomes wider. The food became much easier to access and cheaper with more variety of choice. It is clear that during the most recent decade, globalization has played an enormously important role in the transformation of food consumption patterns of Asian households that leads the consumption of rice declining. The increase of economy in Asia especially for China and India have change daily diet intake in Asian region from grain-based meal to more meat-based meal which makes the world rice industry at stake.
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