Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Rural Community in Mukim Dengkil, Selangor
Mohd Yunus A., and Sherina M.S., and Nor Afiah M.Z., and Rampal, L., and Tiew, K.H., (2004) Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Rural Community in Mukim Dengkil, Selangor. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 10 (1). pp. 5-11. ISSN 1394-035X
Official URL: http://nutriweb.org.my/publications/mjn0010_1/mjn10n1_art2.pdf
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dept. of Community Health
Hypertension and obesity are established and independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. There are important inter-relationships between these two factors that may explain the aetiology of coronary heart disease. To determine the prevalence of hypertension and obesity in a rural community setting in Malaysia, and to identify their associated factors, a cross-sectional study was conducted among residents aged 15 years and above in Mukim Dengkil, Selangor from June to October 1999. Sample size was 570, giving a response rate of 86.7%. Prevalence of hypertension was 26.8%, with the highest prevalence among those aged 60 years and above (57.3%), and 50 to 59 years old (53.3%). Factors found to be significantly associated with hypertension were male (÷²=4.71, df=1, p<0.05) and age (t=10.7, df=568, p<0.01). Prevalence of obesity was 11.4%, with the highest prevalence among those aged 40 to 49 years (22.7%) and 30 to 39 years (14.4%). The factors associated with obesity were age (p<0.01), female (÷²=12.45, df=1, p<0.05) and ethnicity (Fisher’s Exact probability, p<0.05) with Chinese and Malays having a higher prevalence compared to other ethnic groups. However, there was no significant association between hypertension and obesity (OR=1.14, 95% CI=0.65, 2.02). The prevalence of hypertension and obesity in this study is high. There is a need for prevention programs for these risk factors in rural communities in Malaysia.
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