Depressive Symptoms in Middle-Aged Women in Peninsular Malaysia
Nor Zuraida Zainal, (2008) Depressive Symptoms in Middle-Aged Women in Peninsular Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 20 (4). pp. 360-369. ISSN 1-800-818-7243
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Official URL: http://aph.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/20/4/360
University of Malaya. Faculty of Medicine. Dept. of Psychological Medicine
A household survey was carried out in Peninsular Malaysia to determine the prevalence rate of depressive symptoms in middle-aged women and to explore its associated factors. Women aged 45 to 60 years were assessed on sociodemographic profiles, menopausal status, depressive symptoms, marital dissatisfaction, and coping strategies. A total of 3934 women participated, and the mean age was 51 years. The prevalence rate of depressive symptoms was 54.2%. Of the married women, 38.4% had poor to very severe problems in their marriage. Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with marital status (P < .001), ethnicity (P < .001), educational levels (P < .001), occupational status ( P < .001), domicile (P < .001), and menopausal status ( P < .05). Depressive symptoms were correlated with marital dissatisfaction scores. Women who consulted professionals, shared with relatives, kept problems to themselves, or consulted parents/siblings had higher mean scores on depressive symptoms compared with those who did not use these coping strategies.
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