Kualitatif Atau Kuantitatif?: Memahami Andaian Asas Yang Mendasari Penyelidikan Pendidikan
Aini Hassan, (2007) Kualitatif Atau Kuantitatif?: Memahami Andaian Asas Yang Mendasari Penyelidikan Pendidikan. Masalah Pendidikan, 30 (1). pp. 7-16. ISSN 0126-5024
Universiti Malaya. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Curriculum and Educational Technology
Educational researchers, especially novice researchers, are frequently confronted with the question of choice — whether to use a quantitative or qualitative approach in their research. Some have made the decision based on misconceptions about one or both approaches. This article argues for the need to view research methods beyond just as a technical exercise. Instead, it should be recognized as being concerned with understanding the world and, therefore, is informed by how we view our world. Thus, making an informed decision means it should be based on understanding the basic ontological and epistemological underpinnings of each approach or paradigm. Following a brief review of the history of educational research, these basic assumptions are discussed. However this discussion will not be a philosophical treatise on the nature of reality and knowledge, but it will provide a practical grounding in some of the philosophical ideas behind research. Although the debate between the two paradigms which culminated in the “paradigm wars” in the 1980s still surfaces from time to time, some researchers have started to take a more pragmatic approach by combining the two approaches as is evident in the current increased interest in the mixed methods approach.
|Keywords:||Novice researchers, Quantitative research, qualitative research|
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