Image-guided Surgery and Medical Robotics in the Cranial Area
Widmann, G., (2007) Image-guided Surgery and Medical Robotics in the Cranial Area. Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal, 3 (1).
Official URL: http://www.biij.org/2007/1/e11/e11.pdf
Innsbruck Medical University, Austria. Dept. of Radiology
Surgery in the cranial area includes complex anatomic situations with high-risk structures and high demands for functional and aesthetic results. Conventional surgery requires that the surgeon transfers complex anatomic and surgical planning information, using spatial sense and experience. The surgical procedure depends entirely on the manual skills of the operator. The development of image-guided surgery provides new revolutionary opportunities by integrating presurgical 3D imaging and intraoperative manipulation. Augmented reality, mechatronic surgical tools, and medical robotics may continue to progress in surgical instrumentation, and ultimately, surgical care. The aim of this article is to review and discuss state-of-the-art surgical navigation and medical robotics, image-to-patient registration, aspects of accuracy, and clinical applications for surgery in the cranial area.
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