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Program Intervensi Kemahiran Membaling Bola Terhadap Pelajar Autisme Sekolah Menengah: Satu Kajian Kes

Tan, Teck Bee, and Loh, Sau Cheong, (2007) Program Intervensi Kemahiran Membaling Bola Terhadap Pelajar Autisme Sekolah Menengah: Satu Kajian Kes. Jurnal Pendidikan, 27 (1). pp. 217-233. ISSN 01265261

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University of Malaya. Faculty of Education.
University of Malaya. Faculty of Education.


The purposes of this research were to examine the effectiveness of an intervention program on ball throwing skill and to explore autistic students’ ability in throwing the ball right at the target. Three autistic male students aged between 14 and 18 years old were chosen as subjects of the study. They were undergoing the Special Education Integrated Program in two secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur. The intervention program designed in this study was conducted within five weeks, with three sessions per week, and sixty minutes per session. The training in this intervention program was systematically planned in accordance with the principles of training. The training sessions started with warming up, followed by drilled practice and cooling down. At the end of the drilled practice, each subject was given five trials in skill testing. An Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) for each subject was drawn based on the subject’s achievement in previous skills. Hence, the level of activities planned for each subject in drilled practice differed from one another. Data were recorded based on the observations on the behavior and targeted distance of ball throwing in skill-based tests. The results showed that the intervention program was effective in enhancing the ability of three autistic students in ball throwing. Subjects A, B, and C each demonstrated the ability to throw the ball right at the target with distances of 32 feet, 12 feet and 2 feet respectively.

Item Type:Journal
Keywords:Ball throwing skills, Physical education, Intervention programme
Subjects:L Education
ID Code:5199

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