Proteinuria in Diabetic Patients in a Primary Health Care Setting in Sarawak
Wong, J.S., (2005) Proteinuria in Diabetic Patients in a Primary Health Care Setting in Sarawak. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 60 (2). pp. 146-150. ISSN 0300-5283
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Sarawak General Hospital, Dept. of Medicine
Diabetic nephropathy is now the number one cause of end stage renal failure in Malaysia. This places a huge burden on patients and the health care syatem especially in developing countries with limited health care resources, such as in Sarawak in East Malaysia. This study describes the prevalence of proteinuria/microalbuminuria in diabetic patients treated in Klinik Kesihatan Tanah Puteh. Early detection of proteinuria/ microalbuminuria allows remedial measures to be taken to retard the progression of nephropathy. Forty-eight percent of the cases had proteinuria and microalbuminuria was found in 16%. Seventy-eight percent of cases with Proteinuria were on treatment with angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers. Seventy-five percent of patients had hypertension but only 6% achieved the targeted BP of <130/80 mmHg.
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