Sociocultural and Developmental Theories As Explanations of Body Image Dissatisfaction Amongst Secondary School Girls
Teoh, Hsien-Jin, (2000) Sociocultural and Developmental Theories As Explanations of Body Image Dissatisfaction Amongst Secondary School Girls. Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry, 8 (1). pp. 15-21. ISSN 0128-8628
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital. Faculty of Medicine. Dept. of Psychiatry
Developmental and sociocultural theories have been used to explain body image disturbance. The developmental theory proposes that late maturation may place an adolescent at higher risk of being teased about their body, shape, resulting in body image dissatisfaction. The sociocultural theory suggests thatwhen individuals compare their perceived appearance with some other imaginedor idealised person, anxiety over personal body image occurs. 69 Form 1 to Form 6 female students from a private residential secondary school weresurveyed to test these theories. Results showed that the theories describedbody image distortion in girls. Girls who are less physically mature are more anxious and concerned about their body image, compared with those who were more matured physically. Where there is a discrepancy between perceived bodyshape and idealised body shape, anxiety over the shape of parts of the body exists and results in lowered self-worth.
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