Public and Private Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia : Competing, Complementary or Crossbreed as Education Providers
Wan, Chang Da, (2007) Public and Private Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia : Competing, Complementary or Crossbreed as Education Providers. Kajian Malaysia, 25 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0127-4082
Official URL: http://www.usm.my/km/25(1)2007/KM%20ART%2025(1)_1.pdf
Universiti Sains Malaysia. National Higher Education Research Institute.
Delivery of higher education used to be exclusive to the public sector in Malaysia. However, legislative changes made in 1996 led to the coexistence of public and private higher education institutions. In 2007, there were 20 public universities compared to more than 500 private institutions, of which 30 are currently categorised as universities or university colleges. Looking at their respective roles as higher education providers, public and private institutions display characteristics of being substitutes while at the same time serving complementary roles to one another. This dichotomy between public and private higher education institutions can, in fact, be seen as inclining towards a hybrid model that allows both to operate within a single system of higher education provision in the country. Such a hybrid model is evident in how the clientele is being divided between public and private higher institutions. It is also evident in the different roles played by the respective faculty members as well as in the programmes being made available in either type of institutions.
|Additional Information:||The author would like to acknowledge the guidance and suggestions from Professor Morshidi Sirat, Professor William G. Tierney, Associate Professor Dr. Chan Huan Chiang and Mr. Ong Kian Ming as well as the invaluable comments from the anonymous referees.|
|Keywords:||higher education, institutions, public universities, private universities, clientele|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences, Economics, Sociology|
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