Detection of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus SPP VRE) From Poultry
Haryanti, Toosa and Radu, Son and Ghulam Rasul, and Abdul Reezal Abdul Latif, and Raha Abdul Rahim, and Noorlis Ahmad, and Ooi, Wai Ling (2001) Detection of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus SPP VRE) From Poultry. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 8 (1). pp. 53-58. ISSN 1394195X
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Official URL: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dept. of Biotechnology
Twenty-eight isolates of E. faecalis and 5 isolates of E. hirae were isolated from chicken samples obtained from markets in Sri Serdang, Selangor. They were tested for susceptibility to vancomycin and other antimicrobial agents. All of the isolates showed multiple resistance to the antibiotic tested. All Enterococcus spp. were resistant (100%) to ceftaxidime, cephalothin, erythromycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, nalidixic acid and streptomycin. Resistance was also observed to norfloxacin (97%), tetracycline (91%), penicillin (85%), bacitracin (82%), chloramphenicol (61%) and the least resistance was to ampicillin (27%). High prevalence to vancomycin resistance was detected among the E. faecalis (27of 28) and E. hirae (4 of 5) isolates. The multiple antibiotic resistance index ranging between 0.64 to 1.0 showed that all strains tested originated from high-risk contamination. Plasmid profile analysis of Enterococcus spp. revealed plasmid DNA bands ranging in size from 1.3 to 35.8 megadalton but some isolates were plasmidless. No correlation could be made between plasmid patterns and antibiotic resistance.
|Keywords:||Enterococcus spp., vancomycin-resistant, plasmid, poultry, poultry diseases, chicken, Sri Serdang, Selangor, Enterococcus spp., vancomycin-resistant, plasmid, poultry, E. faecalis, E. hirae|
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